Victor Vasarely Op Art Zebra & Zebras
Op Art made its appearance in the
Art was encompassing artists of very different nationalities, including Soto
(Venezuelan), Agam (Israeli), Vasarely (Hungarian) and Riley (English). The aim
of Op Art was to produce illusions of depth, relief and motion; it would blur
or stir the eye, but never by resorting to actual movement (as in Kinetic Art).
The term first appeared in print in Time Magazine in October 1964. Victor Vasarely's 1930s works such as Zebra (1938), which is made up entirely of diagonal black and white stripes curved in a way to give a three-dimensional impression of a seated zebra, should be considered the first works of Op Art.
The Parisian gallery owner Denise Rene was the very first person to show Op Art to the public.
In 1965 The Museum of Modern Art in
Op art subsequently became tremendously popular, and Op Art images were used in a number of commercial contexts. The artist Vasarely helped the most to popularize Op Art projects and research; he produced many of his works within the architecture and planning of large cities. Bridget Riley is perhaps the best known of the Op artists. Taking Vasarely's lead, she made a number of paintings consisting only of black and white lines.